To be in line with the eco-sustainable approach that is increasingly affirming itself in other fields of life, you can also create and maintain an organic garden in full respect of nature .
The organic garden can include many techniques, depending on the subject. Even if you know what kind of care and attention you need to provide to plants and that help them grow, but that doesn’t mean you can’t improve your technique . Try using the suggestions below.
The various gardening techniques
A technique widely used in recent years is xeriscaping , which consists of using drought-resistant plants . Xerox, in fact, derives from the Greek and means “dry”, so the focus of the project is to create an external architecture that is water-efficient. Consumption for plant irrigation therefore decreases and contributes to environmental protection.
In designing an eco-sustainable garden , you can also choose the Mediterranean one. This type is usually created to create shade and therefore provides trees with thick and large foliage. The element that makes it eco-sustainable is the presence of a Mediterranean vegetation and therefore typical of the climatic zones present in Italy .
Therefore, plants will not need special care and will grow healthy and thick without wasting resources. Furthermore, it seeks to stimulate biodiversity: this means letting the plants grow free and develop according to nature. Even if it may seem chaotic at first, with a little patience a natural balance will be established between them and your garden will be perfect.
How to choose plants and flowers for the organic garden
If this is the first time you try the organic garden , start with plants that are more resistant to pests or diseases. Some plants are only more resistant than others and therefore require less maintenance. A plant that survives well alone will encourage you to continue your organic gardening practices. Ask your local gardening store, as different varieties are hardy in different areas of the country.
The flower calendula are really the power plant in an organic vegetable garden. As their flowers and leaves deteriorate, the calendula releases chemicals that attract frogs, repels snakes and kills nematode parasitesthat attack many plant plants, including tomatoes.
The same contrasting action against the nematodes is performed by the Tagete , ( Tagetes ) a seasonal flower that regenerates continuously thanks to the production of the seeds that are reproduced by drying the flower.
Make sure that the bright orange marigold, as well as the marigold or other flowers bring colors and decorations to your garden, as you begin to work to protect the health of your plants.
You can choose hardy plants like the ‘ bay , the passion flower and elderberry , with rapid development, to create hedges that protect your environment from the cold, or generate crosslinked and carpets that create strategic shadows for some types of crops or other needs to make the area fresher.
To ward off insects and parasites can take advantage of the use of natural pesticides as the Pyrethrum , or grow more mint plant , which is a natural repellent.
How many plants to put in your organic garden
Plant slightly more than necessary and maintain biodiversity active. Pests and adverse weather conditions can reduce the yields of your garden, especially if you are new to organic gardening. To take this possibility into account, plant a little more than you will need.
An excellent tip for managing an eco-sustainable garden is to make every minute counted. When you have time, do some chores so that they don’t pile up, like picking some weeds or removing some flowers. This is a suggestion for many areas of your life, but it also applies to your garden.
Let friends help you: you can find a safe and reliable guide on how to attract the most useful insects to the care of your organic garden, in this article of ours.
What kind of terrain to choose and how to act
Be sure to test the soil before planting your garden, if you want to succeed without the need for chemicals. A simple for the home test kit can tell you precisely the soil pH , which indicates the probability of plant survival. A vegetable garden or garden to develop at its best requires a pH of around 6.5 ; if your soil is off, you can supplement it with some natural fertilizer before your plants start to die.
Don’t be afraid to run your garden. At the end of the season, knock down everything that is dead or dies and strip the foliage from the plants . If you look closely, you will see new buds appear on certain shrubs and trees, heralding the start of the new season. Remove dried flowers by remembering to save the seeds for next year.
Do the same with perennials, but replant seeds as soon as possible. This will give them a leap forward in the growing season. Always remember that your garden will be back up and running only after a few months depending on the average temperatures in your area .
How to choose the irrigation system
It is important to choose the right irrigation system, regardless of the plants you select. The most recommended type of plant is drip irrigation .
It consists in administering the right amount of water to each plant through pipes, often buried, in which holes are present where necessary. The desired time and water pressure can be set thanks to battery-powered programmers connected to the tap. This simple system saves energy and water .
Which fertilizers to choose
Fertilizers are often needed to have a green and lush organic garden . Obviously, for your sustainable garden , you will have to select the natural ones. They are easy to prepare, 100% bio and cheap.
For example, use baking soda to counteract the appearance of mold, egg shells and coffee grounds to add to the soil to feed the plants.
The importance of macerates, such as horsetail or nettle should not be underestimated .
Even the ash is an excellent additive and is a pesticide. Furthermore, if you decide to dedicate an area to the vegetable garden, all food waste can be turned into composting . In this way, you will not waste food and you can grow vegetables in a healthy and simple way.